How to Become or Inspire a Highly Efficient Teacher

How to Become or Inspire a Highly Efficient Teacher

How to become or Inspire a Highly Efficient Teacher in Brief

How to become or inspire a highly efficient teacher recommends ages-long approach to boosting employee work performance.

Every Employee Wants to Do a Good Job

Newsweek magazine once quoted the President of Hyatt Hotels in the following words: “If there is anything, I have learned in my 27 years in the service industry, it is this: 99 percent of all employees want to do a good job”. And this is true. Starting from ourselves, there is hardly any time when you and I deliberately decided to do a shabby job. Or can you remember any time that you said to yourself, “today, I will do this work so bad that my supervisor (employer) will be angry at it”? I believe there isn’t any of such time. Or if there is, it will be far too less often to be significant.

And this is same for the majority of employees. Most employees want to be among the favourite. They want to be commended for jobs well done. They want bonuses, salary increment, and promotion. Every leader can attest to the trueness of this because they have experienced it first-hand.  Therefore, with 99 percent of employees falling within this category; it is rather illogical to think that any employee will deliberately choose to do a bad job.

Yet, Many Employees Perform Badly

Yet, we see them. Workers with very low turnover. Those that fall short of standard in the discharge of their duties. They have not too good attitude to work. Still, they desire commendations, bonuses, salary increment and promotion.

Are you a leader in any organization? Can you think of any member(s) of your staff that falls within this category? How many are there, 1, 2, 3 or more? Note their names, I will tell you what to do.

Also, if you are an employee; do you always feel unappreciated even though you always try your best at work? You never get a commendation, no bonuses, no salary increments and no promotion. Then, this piece is yours too, keep reading.

To the leader, did it ever occur to you that those (annoying) members of your staff desiring commendations and reward while they perform below standard are actually unaware of their score? Let me tell you.

As a school administrator, I have had to interview a lot of applicants in the last 7 years. And there is one particular question that naturally pops up in my mind during interviews. After perusing the CV of someone that has worked in “too” many organizations within a short period of time, my curiosity always asks why such applicant keep leaving the different organizations.

Who’s To Blame?

The answer I got as reply to this question in January of 2022, is the same as I have received on many occasions over the years. The applicants faulted their employer’s lack of appreciation for their service although they always do their best. No doubt, this says a lot about the applicant.

But the frequency of that same answer also tells me something unique about all workers; an insight that is invariably helpful to all leaders. And it is that most of the under-performers in your team, do not know they are not performing up to expectation. As far as they are concern, they believe that they are doing their best. This is no speculation but a well-known fact. And to help you put a figure to your organization’s unique situation; have your staff take the Employee Self-Evaluation test.  The result of such exercise will lead you to your individual staff’s inner perception of their performance. In addition, it will also help you infer more accurately, what they expect of you to keep the organisation growing.

Misrepresentation Performance Index

However, the misrepresentation of an employee work performance goes in two ways. It is not only that the employer may wrongly assume that every of his or her employees can accurately place their individual work performance index corresponding to theirs. But the employees can as well develop inaccurate perception of their delivery – like feeling they are doing their best when in truth, they have not hit the boundaries. For this purpose, every employee that feels he or she is underappreciated at work should head for individual Employee Self-Evaluation test. Do this, and be as sincere during the test to yourself as possible. Then, discuss the result with your trusted colleague(s) and your superior. This should clear the cloud of insatiable expectations cast by unreal perception of one’s performance.

Whether an employer/a leader conducts this test, or an employee individually takes the evaluation test; the result may reflect one or more common factors. One of such common factors you will find out, is that one or more member of your staff is underperforming. This may not be deliberate. But that does not stop it from negatively affecting your organization. As result, it is important that you tackle underperformance headlong.

Tackling underperformance is a matter of urgency. And any organization that wants to attain sustainable growth, must approach it as such. The underperformance of one member of staff left unchecked, can influence the delivery of other staff. In addition, it automatically adds to the daily stress of the employer/leader. You must understand that evil more influential than good, wrong than right. So, the underperformance of one member of staff is enough to neutralize the hard work of the rest of the team.

Solving the Problem

The question is not whether or not to tackle underperformance. Instead, it is about how to tackle it. Knowing that “99 percent of all employee want to do a good job” but majority often fail, how do we help those that fall short of standard smash their goals?

The answer begins with knowing why people do not perform up to expectation. Thankfully, a lot of researchers, life coaches and authors have done great justice to this question. Ferdinand F. Fournies gave the best answer to this question in his bestseller, “Coaching for Improved Work Performance”. According to Fournies, there are four common reasons why people do not perform the way they should. The four major reasons people do not perform the way they should is because they do not know:

  1. what they are supposed to do
  2. how to do it
  3. why they should; and if
  4. there are obstacles beyond their control

Making Your Staff 100% Efficient: Teachers’ Induction Training

Since we have identified the reasons for underperformance among staff, solving the problem becomes easier. However, before we discuss the solutions to the problem of inefficiency among staff, let us consider a few realities that relates to the causes. This will help you to diagnose your organization first-hand.

Fact 1: Majority of Teachers do not read to understand their job description in detail

The first solution to the problem of staff inefficiency is giving a concise job description at engagement. Sadly, some organization with rather casual approach to business do not have any form of contract with their staff say less a job description. We will address this later.

But assuming that your organization does have contract agreement with detailed job description; one will expect that new employees will read to understand such document. Let’s not put a figure to this because we know the reality: majority of employees do not read their job descriptions to understand it. Instead, they browse through and toss it around. Afterall, they have done this before.  

It does not stop there. Among the few that read and understand their job description, some soon forgets.

For these reasons, it is not enough for you to give job descriptions. It is equally important for you to work them through it thoroughly.

Are you an employee, this is where you deliberately create a checklist against each item on your job description. Beyond that, create a system for rating your capability in handling each task in your assignment.

Fact 2: Papers and length of years does not always translate to efficiency

If you have being an administrator long enough, you will agree to this fact. Some people are just too good at crafting killer résumé and performing at interviews. But that is it.

I am talking about people that have the necessary qualifications (papers) and years of experience. Yet, after you employ them; their performance does not reflect their qualifications. This is a sad reality of our country today. The fact that people have the qualification does mean they know how to do the job. As a result, we have to amplify the second reason for staff inefficiency according to F.F Fournies.

As an employer, you have to make it part of your corporate culture to always give employees hands-on training on how to do their job.

As a staff, you should understand the concept of doing your job within context. You do this by enrolling and participating in quality training that uniquely adapts to your workplace.

Fact 3: Majority of Teachers Have Lost Touch of the Reason for Doing Their Jobs

This fact does not need elaboration. But I will explain it from another context. More and more teachers have to understand the business dimension of education. As such, majority demands commensurate financial rewards.

Unfortunately, it is difficult for schools to offer such rewards if the teachers are not efficient. And since the teachers seek the reward to be efficient, it is deadlock! The result is that teachers continue to not have reasons for them to be efficient.

The Solution: How to Become or Inspire a Highly Efficient Teacher

So, schools must always lead the initiative. To attain sustainable growth like I discussed previously, schools must always give their teachers reasons to do their job efficiently. This does not necessarily mean financial rewards. In fact, before any financial reward, schools should first provide proper guidance. And the best way is through training.

Similarly, independent teachers that want to excel regardless of the school they work must continually seek reasons to do their job efficiently. They can do this by enrolling for relevant training.

All-in-One Teachers’ Induction Training

The LeadinGuides Teachers’ Induction Training is an all-in-one efficiency masterclass for teachers. Though, primarily targeted at new teachers, it is also a generic Continuous Professional Development programme for experienced teachers.

This training helps teachers and schools to directly and effectively tackle the problems of inefficiency at workplace.

In addition, it helps schools to align the minds of their teachers to the organization’s aspirations, draw out their untapped potentials and motivate them towards helping the school attain her goals and unlock unexploited growth channels.

Participants will develop “teacherpreneurship” mindset and improve on their practical teaching skills. At the end of the training, they will become top contributors to their organizations. Most importantly, they will learn how to establish themselves, to earn more and live a fulfilling life.

This is one of the highly valuable training programs we are delivering to the international audience at Northford Center for Advanced Studies, Abuja.

Click here to join LeadinGuides TIT today

Meaning of Instructional Design

Meaning of Instructional Design in brief

In this post, meaning of Instructional Design, I give the simplest but professional meaning of Instructional Design. I present the meaning in a way that non-education professionals will easily understand. In conclusion, I briefly state a difference between Instructional Design and Lesson Planning.


We have had many Instructional Design Training. And although the term ‘Instructional Design‘ may sound enticing; not everyone in the education circle understands its meaning. Consequently, some who ought to have participated in the training have missed out of previous opportunities for want of understanding.

It is true that a good number of educators may not have had any earlier intentional contact with the term. Nonetheless, that is rather unfortunate to me. Especially at this time that every teacher out there seeks alternative source of income. It is a well-known fact that our chances of earnings is in direct proportion to our professional vastness and proficiency. This is what the popular counselor and psychiatrist, Craig D. Lounsbrough implied when he said: “I fear that should I seek out the treasures around me, they might by comparison reveal that I have not cultivated the treasures within me.”

Hence, the treasure – alternative source of income – that an educator seek is a comparison of the treasure s/he cultivates within. Instructional Design is of the closest relation with any educator’s profession. It does not only increases your vastness and proficiency in the profession; but it also opens more opportunities. This is because Instructional is not limited to the classroom alone. It is a vast body of knowledge that you can practice in the corporate environments across the sectors just the way you apply them in the classroom. In fact, it is one of the best way that a teacher can make himself or herself extra relevant in the corporate environment. Many veteran teachers currently freelance for corporate organizations as part of HR.

Do you see how Instructional Design is closely related to an educator’s profession now? I am sure you do. But what exactly is the meaning of Instructional Design? And how is it different from Lesson Planning? Read on

Meaning of Instructional Design

Professionally, the combined works of (Merrill, Drake, Lacy, & Pratt, 1966) at the Department of Instructional Technology, Utah State University; and (Wagner, 2011) on The Journal of Applied Instructional Design defines Instructional Design as the practice of systematically designing, developing and delivering instructional products and experiences, both digital and physical, in a consistent and reliable fashion toward an efficient, effective, appealing, engaging and inspiring acquisition of knowledge.

Now that is a very elaborate definition. But it may not be easy for you to fully grasp the professional perspective to it – especially if you are new to the field of Instructional Design. Therefore, I will present the simplest but professional meaning of Instructional Design in the following sections.

Instructional + Design

The term Instructional Design is made of two words – Instructional and Design. Instructional here is an adjective which tells describes design. And it means that which gives instructions or simply giving instruction.

Meaning of Instructional Design - LeadinGuides

So, Instructional Design is simply a type of design which gives instruction. 

Meaning of Instructional Design 2 - LeadinGuides

But this is not elaborate enough. Hence, let’s make it more elaborate. We’ll do this by looking up the meaning of instruction in our dictionary.

Meaning of Instruction

Both the Oxford and Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionaries contain three meanings for the word instruction.

Therefore, dictionary 101 demands that we pick the meaning that is most relative to the context of our discussion. This corresponds to definition number 3 and 1 in Cambridge and Oxford Dictionaries respectively. According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, Instruction is the process of teaching.

And process on the other hand means a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result.

Bringing it together,

We could say that instructional means that which gives a series of actions that a teacher takes in order to achieve a result.

Now what result does a teacher aims to achieve?

Generally, teachers teach to educate (or give education to) a learner.  And, professionally, education means desirable or desired skills, knowledge and character that is beneficial to an individual and the society. This is typically the result that any teacher aims to achieve in a lesson. The teacher aims to pass onto the students the skills, knowledge and character that the syllabus stipulates. In Instructional Design however, the designer extends the aim of the teacher further. Beyond simply targeting to educate the student, ISD aims to make this happen in an efficient, effective, appealing, engaging and inspiring way.

  • Efficient – using available resources
  • Effective – that as many students as possible learn what is intended and relatively permanently.
  • Appealing – in a way that the learners will like and are comfortable
  • Engaging – in a way that involves the students.
  • Inspiring – when the students are happy and willing to learn.

So in conclusion, instructional as in ISD means that which gives a series of actions that a teacher takes in order to give desired skills, knowledge and character to learners in an efficient, effective, appealing, engaging and inspiring way.

Meaning of Design

The design in Instructional Design means a plan (outline) that gives instruction. Wiktionary defines a plan as a drawing showing technical details. Technical means applying the knowledge, methods or techniques of a subject, art, craft or industry.

Therefore, we can conclude that the design in ISD means is a drawing (made) by applying the knowledge, methods or techniques of the field of education/instructional design which gives instructions. Doing things according to set principles or techniques is better referred to as the systematic way. This is why experts regards Instructional Design as being systematic.

Definition of Instructional Design

We formulated that instructional means that which gives a series of actions that a teacher takes in order to give desired skills, knowledge and character to learners in an efficient, effective, appealing, engaging and inspiring way.

Similarly, we defined design is a drawing (made) – in a systematic way – by applying the knowledge, methods or techniques of the field of education/instructional design which gives instructions.

Therefore, we can define as a way of drawing a series of actions based on education theories that a teacher takes in order to give desired skill, knowledge and character to learners in an efficient, effective, appealing, engaging and inspiring way.

Differences Between Instructional Design and Lesson Planning

Now, this meaning of Instructional Design makes it very similar to Lesson Planning. This is because lesson planning is also about drawing out the steps they intend to take to deliver a lesson.

But there are a couple of differences between lesson planning and instructional design. We will discuss this in detail during the August edition of our Instructional Design Training. However, I will state two to help you better understand the meaning of Instructional Design.

The major difference between instructional design and lesson planning that I will discuss here is this:

Instructional Design is more technical than Lesson Planning

Both Lesson Planning and Instructional Design are technical. But Instructional Design is more technical. The technicality of lesson planning is often limited to format and content. Whereas Instructional Design is not only technical in format and content; it is more intentional and conscious of educational theories.

Once you give any qualified person a good lesson plan format – like this my lesson plan template – and you explain the right content for the fields; such a person will be able to write good lesson plan. But this is not so with instructional design. If a teacher is to plan the lesson by the Instructional Design way, s/he basis every content that s/he writes into the fields on certain educational theory or educational psychology. These educational theories or educational psychology are imbued into the Instructional Design process.


In conclusion of the meaning of Instructional Design, and its difference with lesson planning; except you or your staff are able to instantly answer the following questions without mincing words, I strongly recommend you take an instructional design training.

We designed the August edition of our Instructional Design Training specifically help teachers adopt the Instructional Design approach to lesson planning. Click here to read more about the training. Or click here to register right away.

Selected Questions

Invariably, I cannot write out all the questions that you may use to assess your skills in instructional design for classroom. But here are a few that give you a glimpse. The first three questions are for the cognitive domain; while 4 and 5 are for psychomotor/physical and affective respectively.

  1. Mention the steps in integrating Instructional Design Models into lesson planning
  2. Mention ten commandments of integrating educational theories into lesson planning
  3. List four instructional design models that is suitable use and their implication in the classroom
  4. Practically apply given classroom Instructional Design Model to plan a lesson
  5. Demonstrate the behaviour of basing instructional decisions on proven educational theories

August Instructional Design Training

Announcing the August Instructional Design Training

We are glad to announce the commencement of registration for our August Instructional Design Training (ISD). Registration commenced on Saturday, July 18, 2020. Unlike the previous, which was primarily for our Instructional Designers; this training, we purposely designed for all, to meet the various needs of every school’s classroom environment.


This is a week-long intensive training.  The elaborate content is divided into six modules – one for each day. Training for each day is to last for 3 hours. We further split the hours into three 1-hour units. Separate facilitators will handle each 1-hour unit. Each day, each module and each unit has clearly defined objectives with professionally crafted activities to attain each objective. We designed the activities so as to meet the different learning styles.

Date and Time

The August Instructional Design Training will hold from Monday, August 3 through Saturday, August 8, 2020. Training for each day begins at noon (12:00:00) prompt. All date and time is in West African Time. Participants agree to avail themselves at the right time for the training.


This training will hold on WhatsApp group. Our facilitators designed each unit to appeal to the learning style of each participant. The medium of this training will include text, slide (image), voice notes, video illustrations and practical activities. Participants will automatically receive the WhatsApp group invitation link immediately after registration.

Contents of the August Instructional Design Training

Instructional Design (ISD) is a broad field of study. In fact, it is an independent professional course of study in many universities across the world. And many independent institutions such as the Lagos Business School (LBS) offer the complete training pack for a good price. Such professional universities and independent institutions’ training span months to years.

Surely, this August Instructional Design Training does not promise to give in six days, what the universities give in years. Instead, it focuses on the aspects of Instructional Design that we can implement in our various classrooms.

Consequently, there are six broad themes for each module of the training. The themes are as follows:

  1. Fundamentals of Instructional Design
  2. Principles, Means and Methods of Instructional Design
  3. The Instructional Design Model for Nigerian Classrooms
  4. Integrating Instructional Design Models into Lesson Planning
  5. Psychology, Philosophies and Theories of Learning
  6. Practice of Educational Theories

NOTE: These are broad themes. Each theme has 3 units and several sub-units underneath.

Aim of the Training

Although it is not unknown to Nigerian educators that there different kinds of learners in every classroom, majority of our classrooms do not currently accommodate all of the kinds of learners. This means fewer students are able to get the best out of the lesson. in addition, our classrooms have been unduly too inclined towards cognition at the expense of skill and character development.

Therefore, the major aim of this training is to help educators plan their lessons to the seconds based on proven educational theories that ensure equal learning opportunities for all learners to develop not only their mental skills but also physical and character.

The major question that the training aims to answer are How:

  1. can we offer equal learning opportunities to every learner in the class?
  2. can we professionally ensure that every learner get the best of every lesson, and permanently so?
  3. do we set separate but interrelated objectives for the three education domains in every of our lessons?

Many professional issues are buried in the answers to these questions. And we will explore all in detail during the training.


To register for the August Instructional Design Training, kindly click here. After you make payment, you will automatically receive the invitation link to the training group platform. Alternatively, contact us on WhatsApp direct payment.


Certificate of participation is available for the training at the cost of N500 only. It is however only available to those who will actively take part in the training. We will give out the methods of paying for the certificate during the training.


      • Training Manual and Lesson Plan Template – N500
      • Daily Motivation Extras
        • The Special Mandates of a School
        • The Enterprising Teacher
        • School Administrators as Military Generals


How to Mark Daily Attendance Register

This post with keywords, how to mark daily attendance register in brief

This post, how to mark daily attendance register is a guide for new teachers. It gives a concise definition of attendance register. The post also discusses the importance of attendance register. Finally, this post guides (new) teachers on how to mark the daily attendance correctly.

No more mistakes and cancellation in the register. Save yourself the burden of having to listen to a pissed off head explain this to you vaguely. Approach the task and argument with confidence.

To school owners and administrators, this may be just the best way for you to explain – how to mark daily attendance register – to your teachers.


Introduction to how to mark daily attendance register

When I first got a teaching job, I was paranoid about everything before I did it – whether I was going to do it right. Under normal circumstances, I am an introvert – you won’t believe that if we met in the classroom. So, although I asked new colleagues at work; I didn’t always like it. That is probably because I thought asking about everything would show that I was not capable for the job – is that true?

Well, one of those tasks that I battled with was how to mark daily attendance register. Somehow, my employer felt like I was 100% able to the tasks. So, at due time; the head handed me the daily attendance register for my class – without reasonable orientation. I am a bit of a perfectionist as well. Hence, I spare no effort in my paranoia to read up anything I could find on how to mark daily attendance register. When I was done, lo and behold; I did not only mark my register well but I also discovered mistakes in others and suggested correction – perfectionist right? Hey, I am a gentle one, so no qualms!

Fast-forward to years later, I have become an administrator. And a general experience that every administrator will attest to is – new engagement without orientation equals friction! There was a time that I have to change an entire register due to errors.

If you studied education, I understand that you discussed school records in your level 2 – General Teaching Methods – and it is also in your level 3 – Teaching Practise Manual. But nobody understands the Nigerian school better than us – educators.  My inference is that majority only remember listing attendance register as a statutory record. They did not have any practical guide on how to mark daily attendance register. Perhaps you were lucky and you had a practical guide but you need to refresh your memory.

One thing is sure, administrators and supervisors do not like register mistakes. Making mistakes on how to mark daily attendance register is unimaginable to supervisors – I mean it is one of the first things you (will) do every morning. And some HODs are not very friendly when making corrections.

The goal of this post is help you learn how to mark daily attendance register without mistakes.

What is Attendance Register?

Attendance register, Class register or simply register is simply a book used to record whether a child is present at school. It is a statutory record. This means that education law demands every school to keep attendance register. And if school inspectors from the ministry visit, you will be asked to provide it. Each class usually has its separate register and the class teachers maintain it.


The attendance register in Nigeria is usually large book within the range of 88.5 cm by 62.5 cm – It can be any dimension. The back cover is usually blue in colour and hard – see picture below.

School Daily Attendance Register Cover Design - LeadinGuides
Figure 1: Back cover of School Attendance Register

An attendance register contains about ten key pieces of information about the learners in the class for any given session, total number of (male and female) students in class and the class’ weekly/termly attendance summary for the whole session.

The learners’ information in a class register are:

  1. Full Name
  2. Date of Birth/Age
  3. Name of parent/guardian
  4. Address of parent/guardian
  5. Religion of parents/guardian
  6. Date of Admission into the class
  7. Admission number
  8. Number in Admission/Withdrawal register
  9. Fees paid
  10. Daily class attendance with weekly summary

Although there are a few technical things about filling the other information in the register, this post particularly addresses how to mark daily attendance with weekly summary.

Why Keep Attendance Register? Importance of Attendance Register

Generally, if one does not know the reason or importance of something they won’t give the required commitment to it. Hence, before we discuss how to mark daily attendance register, let’s see why we keep it.

  • It is mandatory

I have explained earlier that class register is a statutory record. I also explained that this means it is required by law. Therefore, the first reason for keeping and marking register is because the law requires it. Remember this whenever you want to mark your register

  • It is a source of data for supporting important societal decisions

If you have been a teacher and in a position well enough to know, you should have taken part in at least one school survey – or school grading self-assessment exercise. These surveys or self-assessment exercises are sponsored by governments – state, national and regional; inter-governmental organizations and non-governmental organizations – national, regional and international.

Hardly will any of such surveys and school grading self-assessment exercises not require data from the attendance register. The organizations in turn use the data collected to make important decisions – decisions that border on the life of real human beings!

In fact, class register became a statutory record in 1882. The enabling law – i.e. the 1882 education ordinance – made it that way so the government could decide which schools to give grants based on data from the attendance register. Governments and organizations still use register data to support such decisions.

I bet you do not want to be responsible in any way for any wrong decisions that negatively affects the lives of others – no, you don’t, we are teachers; we build lives instead. Now, that’s another reason we keep attendance register – and a reason you should ensure you keep yours accurately.

  • It is a source of data to support learner’s academics

This particular one is not far-fetched for the teacher. The immediate importance of attendance register is that it helps the teacher to identify students that are missing out from classes. You will also be able to tell if a student is punctual, a truant or not. As soon as you identify this, you can then immediately follow to support the learner in their academics.

Every school has the procedures for this follow up on absenteeism, lateness and truancy in their attendance policy.

  • To save yourself: It is an accountability tool

Hey, don’t freak out! When I say to save yourself, I do not mean to say that you will be indicted for any crime – at least not for no reason. But there are times that authorities may need class teachers to account for their students.

A common of such time is, say when a student’s result shows absent in a particular subject; but the parent are convinced the student didn’t miss school during the examinations – you have to save yourself, from being perceived negligent. We have heard and seen were the authority is the police.

In many schools, you are required to report irregular attendance curve to the school authority. Hence, if you do not do this and wake up at reporting session to say a student perform poorly due to any attendance default; then you are in for query.

How to Mark Daily Attendance Register

Although there are many electronic attendance systems now is use in schools across the country, majority still uses manual attendance record – which this post discusses.

In the manual or traditional attendance system, teachers record students’ attendance using the register booklet I describe earlier.

When and how many times to mark?

Every school has unique attendance policy. The policy may specify the time and number of times that teachers mark attendance. Hence, they may be differences from school to school. Notwithstanding, there is a general practice/style.  Generally, there are two kinds of school and styles of how to mark daily attendance register.

One time, at the start of each separate session a day

In a school that runs two separate sessions a day; teachers mark the attendance register for each session one time a day; at the start of the session. By running two separate sessions, I mean morning session and afternoon session. In this type of school, the students that attend morning session are different from those that attend afternoon session. This style is very common in over-populated government schools – as we commonly see in northern Nigeria.

Twice, at the start of each of the two continuous sessions a day

On the other hand, there are schools that run two continuous sessions a day. In this type of school, teachers ideally mark the register twice a day – one at the start of each session. Running two continuous sessions a day means that the same set of students attend both the morning and afternoon sessions. The school may or may not permit the students to go home in between the two sessions. But there are specified time for both sessions. Consequently, the teachers initially mark the attendance at the start of morning session. Later on, they complete the attendance just at the start of the afternoon session.

Attendance Register Malpractice

Nonetheless, it is a common observation in this type of school for teachers to cut corners. They put off the morning marking until afternoon then mark both once. Alternatively, they mark both in the morning then shun afternoon marking.  Considering the accountability issues I discussed earlier, this act ill-fated. I normally discourage teachers from this practice.

Procedure of how to mark daily attendance register

For each student, the daily class attendance portion in a school register is divided into two cells – one for morning and the other for afternoon sessions. This is repeated for everyday of the week. Therefore, for a given week (running from Monday through Friday), there are ten cells for each student – see picture below.

How to mark daily attendance register - marking cells - LeadinGuides
Figure 2: How to Mark Daily Attendance Register – daily marking cells

As you can see from the picture, there are two cells or boxes for Monday; two for Tuesday; …; & two for Friday. For each day, the first cell represent morning and the second cell is for afternoon. Therefore, in a week; there are a total of 10 – 5 mornings and 5 afternoons.


The procedure of how to mark daily attendance register manually include:

      1. Confirm the presence of the student for the session you want to mark.
      2. If absent, make a small clean circle in the cell for which you want to mark. Note that if your school runs two separate sessions and therefore you mark the register only once a day; the circle should cover the two cells for the day. In contrast, if your school runs two continuous sessions and therefore you mark the register twice a day, the circle for morning should be different from that of the afternoon – meaning if the student is absent for the whole day, there should be two circles. See the pictures below.
    How to mark daily attendance register
    Figure 3: Marking student absent on Mon & Tue in a school that runs two separate sessions a day

    How to mark daily attendance register - marking absent - LeadinGuides
    Figure 4: Marking a student absent on Mon & Tue in a school that runs two continuous sessions
    1. If present, make a diagonal line – from top-left to bottom-right (for morning) and top-right to bottom-left (for afternoon) – in the correct cell for the day and session. Note that if your school runs two separate sessions and therefore you mark the register only once a day; you should make both the morning and afternoon stokes at the same time. If on the other hand your school runs two continuous sessions, you should make the first stroke in the morning and then the second at the start of the afternoon session. See pictures below.
      How to mark attendance register - How to mark present  - LeadinGuides
      Figure 5: How to mark a student present on a day (Mon) in a school that runs two separate sessions per day

      How to Mark Daily Attendance Register 5 - LeadinGuides
      Figure 6: How to a student present in the morning of a day (Mon) in a school that runs two continuous sessions per day

      How to Mark Daily Attendance Register 6 - LeadinGuides
      How to mark a student who was present in the morning but absent in the afternoon – in a school that runs two continuous sessions per day (Figure 7)

      How to Mark Daily Attendance Register 7 - LeadinGuides
      How to mark a student who was absent in the morning but present in the afternoon – in a school that runs two continuous sessions per day (Figure 8)

      How to Mark Daily Attendance Register 8 - LeadinGuides
      Figure 9 How to mark a student present throughout a day (Mon) in a school that runs two continuous sessions per day

    As you can observe from figures 7/8 above, it is possible for a student to be present in the morning but absent in the afternoon – in a school that runs two continuous sessions per day. The reverse can also happen. As I demonstrate in figures 7/8, you should accurately capture these attendance events. Do not mark a student present in the afternoon because s/he was present in the morning and vice versa. You could be implicating yourself by so doing. Marking a student present means that students was your responsibility throughout the period.

    Last line on how to mark daily attendance register

    Since it is recommended that female students’ name be entered into the register in red ink, some new teachers assume that female students’ attendance should also be in red ink.

    This is absolutely not so. Do not mark female students’ attendance with red ink. Traditionally, teachers use red ink only to indicate lateness. But nowadays, there are different attendance/register code to indicate different attendance events – absent on permission, absent without permission, sick, late, and present/punctual. However, the code varies from school to school.

    Conclusion of how to mark daily attendance register

    If you read the whole of this post, then you should now be able to:

    • Give a concise definition of attendance register
    • Mention the importance of attendance register
    • Explain how to mark daily attendance register traditionally.

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The Instructional Design for Nigerian Classrooms Webinar

The Instructional Design for Nigerian Classrooms Webinar in one sentence

This post with keywords: Instructional Design Nigerian Classrooms Webinar, identifies the categories of Instructional Design Models and clarifies/specifies the type that the Instructional Design Nigerian Classrooms Webnar targets to teach the participants.

ISD at the beginning of Modern Education

From Sparta to Athens, and from Rome to the ancient Egypt of the Nubian; teachers have had to devise means and methods of breaking down their instructions into such a form as will be readily understood by their apprentice.

We read Microbius Ambrosius Theodosius adopt a rather military approach in training Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis into one of the best lawyer and orator of his time. What’s the link between military and oratory/wordmanship really?

Such is the extent to which instructional designers go in making training/education worth its best for the learner – connecting the dots between the unlinked and aggregating parts and pieces into a holistic body of knowledge and learning experiences to the enjoyment, nourishment and wholesome development of learners.

Types of Instructional Design models

The vast education needs occasioned by the WWII lead to an avalanche of Instructional Design models – drawing off course from the ancient foundations hitherto stated. For most modern pedagogy and pedagogical agitations hinge on the statement, “I hear and I forget. I see and I remember” which is attributed to Confucius.

Needless I say, is that the time we are currently in – of the COVID19 pandemic – is economically akin to WWII and of the aftermaths will be increase in demand for Instructional Designers – to close the increasing education gap.

The post-COVID19 economy and implications on ISD

Economists continue to forecast the immediate economy that will follow the pandemic. Corporate organizations will downsize and incline towards efficiency. Many SMEs – under which majority of private schools fall – will find it difficult to operate. This will eventually tell on the employees – it could mean retrenchment. To cushion this, organizations will require the service of Instructional Designers – even if we do not know them by this term in Nigeria – to attain efficiency. Anyone that is familiar with corporate life cycle and risk management will attest to this. There is high tendency that the organizations that will not go this way may foreclose.

The numerous Instructional Design models that followed the WWII are categorized into four to meet the various areas of demand/application of Instructional Design.

The first is the product ISD models – these are the models that Instructional Designers adopt to meet the needs of corporate organizations for ISD. Following this is the Instruction Systems model which designers adopt to create a complete training course. We have the Trends and Issues models which is adopted to create instructional materials that meets a particular trend. The last is the classroom models. The Classroom ISD models are specifically for teachers. Teachers use it to craft the best learning experience and which attain lesson objectives for their learners.

The ISD Model for the Instructional Design Nigerian Classrooms Webinar

Since we announced the May Day Instructional Design seminar, we have received enormous message of interest and many have registered.

However, for transparency and integrity which is very important to us, we thought it necessary to clarify and specify the kind of Instructional Design which this seminar primary targets. As we have included in all our fliers for the seminar, this seminar is specifically for Nigerian Classrooms.

Since the last six years we have designed and developed instructional contents for Nigerian classrooms. We infused in the contents, many principles of classroom ISD models and educational theories. These have met overwhelming acceptance from several thousands of Nigerian educators and other members of the education community – as well as overseas.

In fact, the demand for our instructional contents has risen so high in recent time that we currently need more instructional designers to scale up our supply. Hence, the May Day Instructional Design Nigerian Classroom Webinar is train, primarily those that wishes to join us and then all other participants; how to incorporate principles of ISD models and educational theories into their instructional content in a way that makes lesson concepts is easiest for target learners to understand and remember.

You Can Still Register

We have six more days to the webinar, you can still join us – simply message +2348067689217 on WhatsApp or send email to [email protected]

Instructional Design Seminar – May Day 2020

Instructional Design Seminar – May Day 2020 in one sentence

The Instructional Design Seminar May Day 2020 is an online seminar on Instructional Design for Nigerian Classrooms slated for Friday, May 1, 2020 on WhatsApp and Telegram.

Instructional Design - May Day 2020

Reason for the Instructional Design Seminar – May Day 2020

Due to the increasingly high demand for our materials, we need writers to step up our supply.

Does New Writers Mean Different Style and Quality?

Absolutely not! We believe that our style and quality is what makes us unique. We spare no effort to make sure that our lesson notes are in  line with professional standards and also suitable for the majority of Nigerian schools – in terms of needs and infrastructure.

Consequently, this seminar is to train writers to our style and then absorb them. This seminar is necessary for -anyone that is interested in working with us. This is to ensure uniformity and conformity.

Is the Seminar limited to only those interested in working with us?

No, due to the vast application of the topic for the seminar and the necessity of the Instructional Design Skills for educators; we have made the Instructional Design Seminar May Day 2020 open for all individuals that are interested in acquiring the skills.

How may one apply for the writing position/register for the seminar?

Both application for the writing position and registration for the seminar are in three simple steps.

What are the application steps?

The three steps to apply for the writing position include:

  1. Registration

The first step to apply for the writing position is to register for the seminar. This is because, as I stated earlier, participation in the seminar is necessary for all our prospective instructional designers – to ensure that they write according to our style.

  1. Training

The second step in applying for the writing position is for the applicant to attend and participate in the training/seminar. Participation in the seminar also entails carrying out all the activities that the facilitators will give during the seminar.

  1. Selection

The final stage in the application process is for us to select writers based on their performance in the seminar. Once we have selected writers or instructional designers to be more precise, we will direct them on how to go about their tasks.

What are the steps to register for the seminar?

The three simple steps to register for the seminar are as follows. These steps are the same both for those applying for the writing position and those that are only interested in the training.

  1. Pay the registration fee

The first step to register for the seminar is to pay the registration fee for the seminar. The fee is the same for both categories of attendants. The registration fee is N 1,000 (one thousand naira). This is equivalent to $2.57 (US Dollars).

  1. Send proof of payment to our official WhatsApp number.
  2. Once we confirm your payment, we will add you to the training platform.

When is the training to hold?

The Instructional Design Seminar – May Day 2020 will hold on the first of May, 2020 starting from 1800 hours or 06:00 pm (WAT).

When will registration for the seminar commence?

Registration for the Instructional Design Seminar – May Day 2020 commenced on Wednesday, April 22, 2020. It will remain open until Thursday, April 30, 2020.

Register Now!!

Are you ready to register now? Do you have any more question? Click here to chat with our WhatsApp support in real time.

The Independent Education Seminar, Kano 2019

In one line

In this post with keywords: independent-education-seminar-kano-2019, you will learn everything necessary about the forthcoming Independent Education Seminar.independent-education-seminar-kano-2019

The Independent Education Seminar

The Independent Education Seminar, Kano 2019 which is scheduled to hold on Tuesday, October 1, 2019 is the company’s third annual seminar. This annual event is both an advocacy and capacity-building exercise.

Objective of the Independent Education Seminar

As an advocacy event, in each seminar, participants discuss topical issues in Nigerian education and ways out through the Nigerian Education Reformation campaign.

As a capacity-building exercise on the other hand, guest speakers teach new and cutting-edge skills which stakeholders in Education – particularly students, teachers and school owners – require to succeed under the reformed (21st century and future) education environment.


Venue of the Independent Education Seminar

This year’s edition, the Independent Education Seminar, Kano 2019, will hold at Federal College of Agricultural Produce Technology, Kano. It is slated to takeoff by 10.30 am prompt.


In the Independent Education Seminar, Kano 2019; guest speakers from Bayero University Kano and other tertiary institutions in Kano State shall discuss the following major topic:

  • Contemporary Issues in Nigerian Education Sector – to provide insight into these issues and inspire change in the minds of the participating stakeholders – teachers, school administrators and school owners towards improvement.
  • Recent Developments in Global Education Community, Enhancing Quality Education Delivery – to provide insight into recent developments in the global education community and guide participating educators towards implementing, pursuing and attaining the goals of these progresses.
  • Sustainable School Growth and Multiple Streams of Income for Teachers in the 21st Century Learning Environment – to provide insight into the principle of school growth and give practical guidelines to help participating school owners succeed in the business while creating value at the same time. And also to unveil the multiple sources of income that are available to teachers and to give practical guidelines to help participating teachers earn more money without exiting the classroom through increased professionalism.
  • The School and the Labour Market: – To equip students with the knowledge and skills necessary to succeed with excellence in their academic works. And also to give practical guides and inspiration to help position students to succeed as graduates in time of unemployment/underemployment.


Registration for the Independent Education Seminar opens on Sunday, September 15, 2019. There are three category of registration.

  • Individual registration – N1, 000 per student/NYSC member and N 2, 000 per teacher. Anyone registering as student/NYSC member will have to come with their ID cards.
  • School Owner/Administrator – N 5, 000 per school owner/administrator
  • Group Registration – This is specifically for schools that will sponsor their staff. A school willing to sponsor a group of 5 teachers will only pay for 4 (i.e. N8, 000). While schools that wish to sponsor a group of 10 teachers will only have to pay N15, 000.

To register:

  • Kindly click on the registration link,
  • Fill and submit the form appropriately
  • Make payment of appropriate amount
  • Once your payment is confirmed, your ticket details will be sent to you.

You may also register:

  • At BUK with Daniel Abraham – 08067349791
  • At FCAPT with Mohammed Abubakar Waziri – 07065696228; Babajide Adesina – 07038034469
  • Through SMS, WhatsApp or Call – 08067689217