## Introduction to Lesson note – Nursery 1 Third Term Mathematics Week 3

I wrote this Lesson Note – Nursery 1 Third Term Mathematics Week 3 based on the Nigerian National Early Childhood Education Curriculum. Particularly, I used the Pre-Primary Teaching Schemes that the Education Resource Centre, Abuja developed. However, this scheme is the same as those of the other 36 states’ education resource development centre. Nonetheless, I only crosschecked this topic in that of Lagos, Kano and FCT only. Regardless, this lesson note is suitable for use in any Nigerian school that adopts the National Curriculum.

**NOTE:** *I wrote and extensive on the latest 9-Year Basic Education National Curriculum. If you haven’t read that, click here to read it up. Also, if you need any scheme of work based on the latest 9-Year Basic Education Curriculum, chat me up on WhatsApp for it.*

## Complete Lesson Objectives

As with the rest of our notes, the primary focus of this lesson note is to present an enriched content for the topic. This lesson note, also like the rest, provide guide for teachers on how to deliver the content to attain the topic objectives. In this regard, I adopt the modern teaching style in Mathematics as NERDC specified

Unlike most lesson notes you may find around which focuses majorly on cognition, I brought out and set objectives to cover other domains of education – affective and psychomotor. This is to ensure a balanced learning experience for the learners. For as Dr Emmanuel Atanda of the Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin wrote – in his Curriculum Development Study Guide for students in Postgraduate programme in Education – no student can be said to have learned anything if the three domains of educational objectives are not taken into consideration.

## How to adapt Lesson Note – Nursery 1 Third Term Mathematics Week 3 into Lesson Plan

I wrote this lesson note in outline of standard lesson plans. However, I advise teachers that want to use this notes for official purpose – i.e. to create their lesson plans which they will submit to their supervisors – to follow this guideline to writing standard lesson plan. To make it faster, click here to get my lesson plan template for N300 only or click here to chat with me on WhatsApp.

**REMARK**: If you find the terms lesson plan and lesson notes confusing, quickly read this article on their differences.

Class: Nursery One

Term: Third

Week: 2

Subject: Mathematics/Number Work

Topic: Counting numbers 1 – 30

Tracing numbers 5 & 6

Recognition of numbers 1 – 30

## OBJECTIVES

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following:

**Cognitive:**- Count numbers 1 – 30
- Identify numbers 1 – 30

**Psychomotor:**- Trace numbers 5 & 6

**Affective**- Demonstrate/internalize the concept of numerical values of numbers 1 – 30

## Previous Knowledge

The pupils had in the previous terms learned the following:

- Meaning of number
- Patterns of writing numbers
- How to combine patterns to form numbers 1 – 4
- Counting & identification of numbers 1 – 30

## Instructional Materials

- Concrete writing patterns or equivalent cardboard cut-outs for vertical, horizontal, convex and concave
- Number models – plastic, metallic or cardboard cut-outs – consisting of several 1’s through 9’s including 0’s
- Stand counters of 30 beads
- Several counters – bottle covers, blocks, pebbles, etc. in bundles of 10. I recommend bottle covers in tens packed into an improvised container that can contain no more than 10 counters – 3 (i.e. 30) for each pupil
- Chalk/Marker and black/white board
- Number charts of 1 – 30
- Several (carton) boxes for each pupil
- Education Resource Centre. (2014). FCT Nursery Teaching Scheme. Abuja: Education Resource Centre.
- Kano Education Resource Department. (2016). Pre-Primary Schemes of work. Kano: Kano Education Resource Department.
- Lagos State Ministry of Education. (2016). Early Childhood Care Education Scheme (Mathematics). Lagos: Lagos State Ministry of Education.
- Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC). (2012). Mathematics Teachers’ Guide for the Revised 9-Year Basic Education Curriculum (BEC). Yaba, Lagos: Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC).

## PRESENTATION

The teacher delivers the lesson as in the following steps:

### Introduction

To introduce the lesson, the teacher does the following:

#### 1) Writes the topic on the board

#### 2) Orally asks the pupils questions based on the previous lesson

- [1] What we say or write to tell people how many things we have is called __
- (a) Number
- (b) Story

[2] We have _____ numbers/How many numbers do we have?

- (a) 5
- (b) Many

[3] Every number has different name and how to write it

- (a) Yes

(b) No

[4] What is nothing (in local dialect) in English?

(a) Zero

(b) One

[5] How do we write zero?

(a) 0

(b) 2

[6] One bundle of number is called ___________

(a) Ten

(b) Seven

[7] How do we write one bundle and nothing?

(a) 10

(b) 13

[8] Two bundles or two tens are called ____________

(a) Twenty

(b) Ten

[9]** 25** is called ____________

(a) Fifteen

(b) Twenty-five

[10]** 18** is called __________

(a) Eighteen

(b) Seventeen

[11] Two tens and 3 is called __________

(a) Twenty-three

(b) Thirteen

[12] Which is more, 9 or 8?

(a) 9

(b) 8

[13] If I give 12 sweets to Musa and 17 to Eze, who has more sweets?

(a) Musa

(b) Eze

[14] If one bundle is called ten, then two bundles (twenty) is 2 tens

(a) Yes

(b) No

[15] What is 8 in local dialect (call the language e.g. Hausa)?

- [16] Go and bring 3 pieces of chalk

- [17] Count numbers 1 – 25

- [18] Write 3

- [19] Write 4

[20] Everyone (a row or pupil at a time) come and pick 25 counters

#### 3) Teacher tells the pupils the progress they have made and commends their effort

#### 4) Revises the previous lesson

- A number is what tells us how many things we have
- There are many numbers because we can have many things
- Each of the many numbers has its special name and way it is written
- Teacher writes different numbers (one at a time) between 1and 30; then asks the pupils the name of each.
- Teacher displays chart of numbers 1 – 30, names a number and require a pupil to come point at it on the chart
- One added to 9 makes a bundle. And a bundle is called ten
- Ten is written as 10. 11 is called eleven and it means one bundle and one.
- Two tens (bundles) is called twenty. Twenty is written as 20.
- Three tens (bundles) is called thirty. Thirty is written as 30.
- Teacher concludes introduction by telling the pupils that they shall learn how to write numbers 5 and 6. After this, s/he explains the objectives for the week and then proceeds as I describe below.

### Recognizing Numbers 1 – 30

Following the introduction, the teacher teaches the pupils how to count and identify numbers 1to 30. S/he first revises numbers 1 – 25 as I discussed in the previous week’s lesson.

#### Numbers 26 – 30

After explaining numbers 25, the teacher continues to numbers 26 – 30 as follows:

##### Number 26

- The teacher directs each pupil to count 25 counters from the pack – as in the last exercise under introduction.
- Thereafter, the teacher confirms the number of counters with each pupil.
- The teacher gives each of the pupils three bundle packs and directs the pupils to arrange the counters in the packs. When done, they should have 2 filled packs and an extra 5 counters left.
- Therefore, the teacher asks the pupils how many counters they have. The pupils may say 2 bundles and 5. In such case, the teacher asks further, what is another name for 2 bundles and 5 – i.e. 2 tens and five or twenty-five.
- Following this, the teacher tells the pupils that if one already has 25 items – s/he distributes one counter to the pupils; then we say the person now has 2 bundles (tens) and 6. Thereafter, the teacher explains that we write 2 bundles (tens) and 6 as 26 – 2 and 6 close to each other. And we call it
. S/he pronounces twenty-six and makes the pupils to repeat after him/her – several times.__twenty-six__

##### Number 27

- After explaining number 26, the teacher asks the pupils how many counter have they now – the pupils should say 26!
- Thence, the teacher teaches them that if one has 26 items and gets one more – the teacher distributes one more counter to the pupils; then we say the person now has 2 bundles (tens) and 7. Thereafter, the teacher explains that we write 2tens and 7 as 27 – 2 and 7 close to each other. And we call it
__twenty-seven__. S/he pronounces twenty-seven and tells the pupils to repeat after him/her – many times.

##### Number 28 and 29

The teacher repeats the same steps for numbers 28 and 29.

##### Number 30

- After the teacher has finished explaining number 29. S/he directs the pupils to arrange the 9 counters left in the third bundle pack.
- Once the pupils have finished arranging, the teacher asks whether the pack is completely filled. The pupils should probably notice that the pack can still take one more counter. Hence, the teacher explains that since the third pack is not completely filled, they cannot say 3 bundles just yet. Instead, they count and say the incomplete counters individually – the teacher directs them to unpack the incomplete counters and count it once again. After counting it as nine, the teacher reminds them that they have 2 bundles and 9 – which is the same as 2tens and 9 or twenty-nine.
- Thereafter, the gives each of the pupils one more counter. After that, s/he directs them to fill the third bundle pack once more. Once the pupils have finished filling the third pack, the teacher asks the pupils if it is completely filled. The pupils should answer yes.
- Hence, the teacher explains that since the third pack is now completely filled, we say the total number of counters is 3 bundles. And 3 bundles are the same thing as three tens. S/he concludes that we write 3tens and nothing as 30 – 3 and 0 close to each other.
- Thence, the teacher pronounces thirty and makes the pupils to repeat after him/her several times.

#### Stage Evaluation Question

Before proceeding to the other part of the lesson, the teacher assesses the pupils’ understanding of the concept of numbers 1 – 30. S/he does this by giving the pupils the following exercises:

- 30 is called ___________
- Twenty
- Thirty

- Peter has 25 sweets and his mummy gave him one more. So how sweets have Peter now? Note: teacher reads the question in local and explains where necessary.

#### Revision

After the teacher had finished explaining the concept of the values of number thirty, s/he revises the numbers 1 – 30 all over again. The teacher focuses on helping the pupils to identify the numbers, their names and symbols (how each is written) as well as to understand the concept of the value of each.

### Counting Exercise

#### General counting with stand counters

After the revision, the teacher leads the pupils into general counting:

He or she puts up the stand of 30 counters. Then sliding each counter to the other side, s/he together with the pupils, counts until the counters finish from one side. The teacher repeats this by sliding each counter back to the original position and again – several times. The teacher may invite willing pupils to lead the counting by sliding the counters as the entire class counts.

#### Group and Individual Counting

After the general counting, the teacher further strengthens the pupil’s memorization of the names and order of numbers through group counting.

- The teacher groups the pupils into pairs
- Going to each group and while the pupils watch, the teacher counts different number of counters for each pupil
- Then the teacher directs each pupil to count differently given number out of his or her counter and give it to the partner
- Individual pupil counts the new number of counters in their possession and tells the teacher
- The teacher confirms the number then make the pupils to repeat the process – exchange some counters and count

#### Oral Counting without Counters

After the pupils are able to count very well with the counters, the teacher directs them to put the counters away. Then s/he leads them to count orally without using the counters. The teacher and the pupils do this several times. S/he may invite different willing pupils to lead the oral counting as well.

### Evaluation

The teacher may assess the individual pupil’s counting ability by:

- Asking them to orally count from a number that s/he states to another
- Sending them to go and fetch a given number of item for him/her
- Asking them to count the number of items in the class

### Recognition of the symbols of Numbers 1 – 30

After the counting exercises, the teacher reminds the pupils that each of the numbers has its own way that we write it. Thus, s/he explains that they are now going to learn how to we write each number – 1-30.

Consequently, the teacher starts from zero and forth; explains that:

- Zero means nothing and is written as 0
- One is a number which means – (in local dialect) and we write it as 1
- Two is a number which means – (in local dialect) and we write it as 2
- —
- Ten (one bundle and nothing) is a number which means – (in local dialect) and we write it as 10.
- Eleven (one bundle and 1) is a number which means – (in local dialect) and we write 11
- – – –
- Twenty (2 tens and nothing) is a number which means – (in local dialect) and we write it as 20
- Twenty-one (2 ten and 1) is a number which means – (in local dialect) and we write it as 21
- —
- Twenty-five (2 ten and 5) is a number which means – (in local dialect) and we write it as 25
- —
- Thirty (3 tens and nothing) is a number which means ______ (in local dialect) and we write it as 30.

Succeeding the explanation, the teacher writes the numbers 1 – 30, serially on the board or uses the large number chart, then points at each number and asks the pupils to name the number – then in reverse, the teacher calls the name of a number then calls pupils to points at each.

The teacher may call the local names of numbers and asks pupils to mention the English equivalents.

Following this, the teacher uses the number chart of 1 – 30, and lead the counting once again – several times. S/he may invite pupils to come, point at the numbers and lead the counting.

#### Evaluation

The teacher evaluates the pupils’ ability to recognize the numbers through physical exercise thus:

S/he places different number of counters into the boxes. Then gives the boxes to the pupils with the number models or cardboard number cut-outs. Thereafter, the teacher directs the pupils to open up each of the boxes, count the number of items in the boxes and then pick the corresponding number model/cut-out and place on/inside the boxes with the counters.

The teacher moves round or collects the boxes, confirms the counters and the number model/cut-out that is in it.

### Tracing of Numbers 5 and 6

Succeeding the counting/recognition exercises, the teacher tells the pupils that they shall now continue to learn how to write two more numbers – 5 and 6.

The teacher first revises concave (outside) curves as well as vertical and horizontal lines writing patterns. S/he may give the pupils a quick exercise to make the patterns.

**REMARK:** Take note of the pupils that have difficulty with the patterns. And endeavour to take any child back to the needed prerequisite skills for the writing exercise. DO NOT HOLD THE CHILD’S HANDS – it is outdated. With the right basic skills, most children of 3 to 3.5 years are able to form and write numbers on their own.

Following the writing pattern exercise above, the teacher proceeds with the tracing exercises thus:

#### Tracing number 5

1) The teacher identifies the patterns that forms number 5:

Number 5 has three patterns – a horizontal line (at the top), a vertical line at the middle and a curve at the bottom

NOTE: The teacher shows the pupils each concrete pattern as s/he identifies it.

- Reminds the pupils how to make and join the patterns to form the number

After the teacher has identified and demonstrated the patterns, s/he explains that to form number five, they first make a horizontal; then from the left end, a vertical; and from the bottom of the vertical, a curve.

NOTE: The teacher arranges the concrete patterns to form the number as s/he explains

- Thereafter, s/he makes the pupils to write the number in the air/on sand
- After many attempts, the teacher gives the pupils the tracing exercise on their workbook
- The teacher first supervises the pupils to trace the number individually before letting them do more on their own

#### Tracing number 6

- The teacher identifies the patterns that forms the number:

Number six has two curves, a big curve and a small curve.

- Reminds the pupils how to make and join the patterns to form the number

After the teacher has identified and demonstrated the patterns, s/he explains that to form number six, first of all draw the big curve, then from the inside of the big curve, draw another small curve to join the big curve.

- Thereafter, s/he makes the pupils to write the number in the air/on sand
- After many attempts, the teacher gives the pupils the tracing exercise on their workbook
- The teacher first supervises the pupils to trace the number individually before letting them do more on their own

## EVALUATION

The teacher assesses the pupils understanding of the lesson by giving them the following exercises.

### Exercise 1: Oral counting

The teacher asks the pupils (either individually or in small groups) to count numbers 1 -30. S/he observes those that may have difficulty pronouncing or missing one or two numbers – so as to help them and/or recommend assistance for their parents.

### Exercise 2: Recognition of numbers 1 – 30

- The teacher uses a number chart or a handwritten numbers 1 – 30; points at each number and ask individual pupil to name it – then the reverse and randomly.
- The teacher calls the local names of numbers and demands pupils to mention the English equivalents.
- The teacher gives the pupils the matching exercise contained in accompanying worksheet.

### Exercise 3: Numerical Values

- Teacher collects some items (recommended is biscuit or sweet); divides the items into two groups – one being more than the other.
- The teacher asks pupils to count each group; thereafter, reminds the pupil the number of each group, then asks the pupils to pick either the smaller or greater.
- Then the teacher gives the corresponding exercise in the worksheet
- The teacher gives pupils simple ordering of numbers – see worksheet
- Teacher gives pupils greater/less than exercises

- count and circle the greater/lesser

- Fill in missing number

### Exercise 4: Tracing Exercise

- How many marks has number 5?
- Arrange these (concrete) marks to form number five
- How many marks has number 6?
- Arrange these marks to form number six
- Trace the following numbers

## Conclusion of Lesson Note – Nursery 1 Third Term Mathematics Week 3

The teacher concludes the lesson by recording pupils’ performance and if necessary, providing feedback to the parents for needed home assistance.

### Feedback format:

Starts from child’s strength – attentiveness in class, willingness to learn, happiness to participate in activities, participation in class discussion, numbers s/he has mastered – counting, recognition, value, writing, etc.

Express optimism in child’s ability to improve in all areas

Weak areas – numbers the child finds difficult to count, recall, recognize, conceptualize or write

State possible reasons for weakness and assures that the occurrence is natural

Suggest how the parents can help

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