Introduction to Lesson Note: 1st Term Grade 5 Security education Wk 2-3
This 1st Term Grade 5 Security education Wk 2-3 is prepared based on (Olatoye, 2016, pp. 60-100) The Scheme of Work drawn in line with the new Standard Security Education Curriculum (9-year Basic Edition) by the Nigerian Educational Research & Development Council. Security Education is one of the major subjects under Religion and National Values (RNV) in the new national curriculum by Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC). The other subjects being Civic Education, Social Studies, CRK and IRK. Accordingly, this note is suitable to be delivered in the fourth and fifth week of the third term of the academic year. All necessary components of a standard lesson note have been included.
Security Education teachers must understand that their role in the class stretches beyond the cognitive objectives as many would take it. S/he is a consultant, mind changer, a motivator, a patriot and an ardent promoter of patriotism. Especially at this moment of moral decadence when “the popular is seen as the right” and indigenous national values are being defaced; the teacher enjoys the duty of re-orienting the pupils in his/her classes.
1st Term Grade 5 Security education Wk 2-3
Class: Grade five
Subject: Religion and National Value (RNV)
There 4: Security Education
Topic: Introduction to Personal Security: Meaning and area to be security conscious.
- Ajogwu(PhD), E. L. Standard Scheme of Work in Line with National Curricular(UBE EDITION) for Middle Basic (Primary 4-6). Lesam Educational.
- Healthy Children Magazine. (2016, Jan 25). Friend or Foe? Retrieved September 2, 2017, from Healthy Children.Org: https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/gradeschool/Pages/Friend-or-Foe.aspx
- (n.d.). Parents’ Guide to Preventing Child Abduction, Kidnapping, and Missing Children. Retrieved September 2, 2017, from KidGuard: https://www.kidguard.com/parents-guide-to-preventing-child-abduction-kidnapping-and-missing-children/
- National Crime Prevention Counci. (n.d.). What to Teach Kids About Strangers. Retrieved September 2, 2017, from National Crime Prevention Council, U.S. Department of Justice: http://www.ncpc.org/topics/violent-crime-and-personal-safety/strangers
- Olatoye, T. A. (2016). The Scheme of Work plus 20 things You should Know about the New 9-Year Basic Education Curriculum. Lagos: Saint Hope Nigeria Limited.
- Rowe, G., Wilkinson, S. B., & Lambert, N. (2004, October 5). The risks of eating and drinking. Retrieved September 2, 2017, from US National Library of Medicine : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1299206/
- Board and Chalk/Marker
- Digital Display
- Video or chart of domestic crimes and other ill-event such as fire outbreak in residential building etc. And/or the narration of the scene in each case.
To understand the topic, the pupils should know the meaning of security or the concept of danger – from earlier class.
At the end of the topic, the pupils should have attained the following:
- Cognitive: define personal security and list the area one need to be security conscious.
- Affective: Appreciate (consciously) or become aware of the presence of dangers around them.
Based on the curriculum, the pupils should have been taught the meaning of security and the meaning of security and (neighbourhood) danger in primary (grade) four.
METHOD OF TEACHING
The teacher delivers the lesson by induction and discussion.
The teacher shall give thorough explanation of the meaning of personal security, initiates and directs class discussions, entertain questions and assess the pupils. Teacher shall also compile necessary instructional materials.
The pupils shall actively participates in the lesson discussion, ask and answer questions and carryout any given exercise.
The teacher presents the class in a manner as stated below:
Step 1: Introduction
To introduce he topic, the teacher revises the meaning of security and discuss/narrates examples of danger in the society with the video, slides or charts of domestic crime and bad occurrence.
Security or safety is when a person is free from fear of danger.
Danger is something that can harm (injure our physical body, cause emotional pain or destroy our GOOD life either in part or whole) or kill us.
Anything, animal, attitude (activity) or person that can cause harm is dangerous. Examples are dangerous thing like fire, dangerous animal like snake, dangerous attitude like stealing or dangerous person like thieves.
There are many dangers in our society. Examples of dangers in the society are kidnapping, armed robbery, electric shock, abused drugs, etc.
Discussion: Taking each of the dangers listed, the teacher asks volunteer pupils to tell the meaning of each. This is followed by short discussion after each. Some pupils may be eager to tell a story to relate to each crime. Teacher should allow them to freely do this though being cautious of available time. After the discussion, the teacher tells them that they shall learn more about such dangers at the course of the lesson. S/he also tells them that in subsequent lesson, they shall learn how to prevent such dangers from occurring to them.
Afterwards, s/he displays, projects or writes the topic on the board/screen for the pupils to see.
Step 2: Meaning of Personal Security
Following the previous activity, the teacher explains the meaning of personal security:
Personal security is to keep oneself safe from things, animals and people that are dangerous to his/her health and body wherever s/he is.
NOTE: The teacher explains the meaning thoroughly, not just mere reading and pupils’ memorization. The pupils should be allowed the freedom to rephrase the definition provided the meaning is unchanged.
Succeeding the explanation of the definition of personal security, the teacher initiates a class discussion. S/he asks the pupils to name the things or persons that can be dangerous to them. The teacher writes each as it is mentioned. Following the listing, the teacher uses the video/charts (see instructional materials) to explain the meaning of each danger. S/he makes them more cautious of the presence of danger in the society by explaining how each of the dangerous thing/person (listed earlier) can harm them.
SOME DANGEROUS THINGS/PERSONS IN THE SOCIETY
- Contaminated/expired/poisoned foods
- Abused drugs
- Wrongly used home appliance
- electric shock
- Bad friends
- Thieves/armed robbers
Step 3: Areas to be security conscious
Subsequent to the explanation that followed the listing the starts another discussion. S/he asks the pupils where – which situations, conditions or places –they need to be careful so as not to be victims of the dangerous things, animals or persons.
For example, s/he may ask the following questions.
- On what ground or condition do we need to be careful so as not to fall victim of contaminated/expired/poisoned food?
Answer: It is when eating/drinking or during food in-take
- Which time can we avoid the influence of bad friends?
Answer: It is when making the friends – choosing good friends
- How may we not fall victims of bad strangers (such as those that kidnap or steal)?
Answer: It is taking precaution when meeting them and when going to unfamiliar places.
- When may we prevent harm resulting from wrong use of appliances?
Answer: That is at the time we are using the appliances.
- Time to prevent dangers associated with abused drugs?
Answer: When taking drugs
NOTES: teacher is not to give pupils the answer outright. Instead s/he allows each to be discussed, allowing the contribution of pupils’.
At the end of the answers, the teacher itemizes the answers and explains once more.
Areas to be security conscious
- Food intake
- Relating to strangers
- Going to unfamiliar places
- The use of home appliances
- Drug intake
Following this, s/he tells the pupils’ that they shall learn what to do to prevent danger in each case in subsequent lessons.
Step 4: Note Writing/Summary
Prior to concluding the class, the teacher summarize the lesson into a concise note s/he writes, displays or projects the notes on the board or screen for pupils to copy. While the pupils write, the teacher moves round to ensure the pupils are writing as they should.
Personal security means to keep oneself from things, animals and people that are dangerous to their health and body. Examples of things that are dangerous to us includes: bad food, drug abuse, wrongly sue home appliances and chemicals.
Examples of dangerous animals are dogs and snakes. While examples of people that are dangerous to us are thieves, kidnappers, rapist, bad friends etc.
Areas to be Security Conscious
We need to be careful in the following circumstances, this is because, if care is not taken they can be dangerous to our health and body.
- Food intake
- Meeting or discussing with strangers
- Making ‘friendship
- Going to unfamiliar places
- Use of home appliances and gadgets
- Drug intake
The teacher evaluates pupils understanding by asking the following questions:
- What is personal security?
- Mention two things that are dangerous to us
- Why must we be careful of what to eat?
- List three areas we need to be security conscious
The lesson is concluding by marking the pupil notebooks. Later on, he/she revises the lesson once more. Finally, he/she links the week’s lesson to next topic. The teacher tells them that, since they now know the meaning of personal security and the area they need to be security conscious, they shall now discuss how to prevent danger on each area. That they shall begin with home security the following week.