This Lesson Note: Grade 1 Civic Education Third Term Week 2 is prepared based on the new Standard Civic Education Curriculum drawn by Dr Ajogwu Ejila in line with the (9-year Basic Edition) National curricular by National Education Research Development Council. In is a second week, third term lesson note. Accordingly, the note is meant to be delivered in the second week, third term of an academic year. All necessary components of a standard lesson note have been included. Thus, it is suitable for use in any [Nigerian] school that implements the aforementioned syllabus after a little modification.
Name of Teacher: ________________________________
Duration: 30 minutes
Age: 9 – 12 years.
Class: Grade or Primary One
Class Composition: class is made up of about 30 pupils with mixed gender and abilities and it is moderately quiet.
Subject: Civic Education
TOPIC: Meaning of Personal Hygiene
- Ajogwu, E. L. (2014). Standard Schemes of Work in Line with National Curricular. Leasam Educational (Consultantancy, Training & Publishing).
INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Comic book, Video/Slides, Charts
At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to define personal hygiene; identify and differentiate between those people that practice personal hygiene and those that do not. The lesson should also result in adaptive change in the pupils.
PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: Although not a requirement for understanding the lesson, (based on the curriculum) pupils are assumed to have been taught the consequences of living in dirty environment the previous term.
METHOD OF TEACHING: Guided discovery and inductive
TEACHER’S ACTIVITIES: Storytelling at introductory stage and continuous assessment.
LEARNERS’ ACTIVITIES: Listening, Discussing Asking and Answering of Questions; and self examination.
The lesson is delivered in such steps as follows:
Step 1 Introduction
To introduce the topic, the teacher adopts one of the following approaches:
- Using Video Clips
This will by far leave the longest lasting memory on the pupils. Thus, this is the recommended approach:
Assuming that an electronic display is available for the teacher to use in the classroom under appropriate seating arrangement, s/he plays the accompanying video clip for this lesson note and explains each scene as the video plays (narration contained in the video park). By the end, the topic would have been excellently introduced.
- Using Comic / Narration
The teacher creates a storytelling environment, takes the pupils through each representation while explaining it to them.
- Outright Storytelling
In the event that none of the methodologies could be employed due to unavailability of resources, the teacher adopts a traditional storytelling method to introduce the topic using the story narration accompanying the note. Inasmuch as the effectiveness of this will be the same as the previous methods, it is still better than the usual “writing the topic on the board and explaining it” custom.
In each of these methodologies, the topic is well explained and the objectives are well capture and made obvious for the pupils to identify. The content of these introductory approaches also touches other aspects of the entire less which makes other steps a natural process.
Step 2 Meaning of Personal Hygiene: Deeper Explanation
Even though the meaning of personal hygiene is well capture in the introductory contents, it is not a substitute for the teacher’s explanation. Hence, at this stage, the teacher writes/projects the definition of personal hygiene on the board/screen, then reads and explains it word for word. This way, the pupils not only get to know the meaning of personal hygiene but also the pronunciation and meaning of the words used in the definition.
Step 3 Note Writing
The teacher copies/projects the definition on the board/screen for the pupils to copy down in their notebooks. At the time the pupils are writing, the teacher moves round to see that every pupil is writing well.
Once the note has been copied by the pupils, submitted to the teacher, marked and returned to the pupils; the teacher evaluates the pupils’ understanding of the lesson by giving them the exercises under assignment
This is the board summary which the pupils should copy into their notebooks. The teacher should also revise the note after s/he has marked the notebooks.
Personal Hygiene means keeping our body and clothes clean all the time.
When somebody practice personal hygiene his/her environment is clean, his/her body is clean and does not smell or have bad odour and his/her cloth is always neat.
Environment means all the things around us.
The pupils’ understanding is evaluated by giving them the following assignment.
- Write “Good”, “Poor” or “Bad” in front of each of the following to rate the level of hygiene in the following people.
- Dirty room, clean clothes, dirty and smelly mouth: ______________________
- Clean teeth, clean body, clean room and neat clothes: ______________________
- Dirty teeth, dirty body, dirty room and dirty clothes: ________________________
- Mal Umar’s room is dirty, his office is dirty, but his body is clean. His level of hygiene is ______________
Observe the following in your or your parent’s room, observe and write the following:
- Are clothes, books and cutlery scattered around the room? Yes/No
- Do you always press your uniform and all your clothes? Yes/No
- Take your uniform and smell it, does it smell? Yes/No
- While breathing through your mouth, block the air with the palm of your hand so that the air moves upward through your nose, does it smell? Yes/No
- Is your hair bushy/scattered? Yes/No
- Perceive your armpit, does it smell? Yes/No
- What is your level of personal hygiene? Good Poor Bad
The topic is concluded by marking the assignment and returning the notebooks to the pupils or the right shelf. The teacher makes correction where necessary then ends the lesson by linking the week’s lesson to following week’s topic in something like this format:
“This week, we learned the meaning of personal hygiene. Next week, we shall learn the ways we can practice personal hygiene”.